Contents

Previous

Next  

 

Macbeth

by William Shakespeare

Act 1, Scene 4 Easiest-to-Read Edition

 

 

 

Home and list of interlinear poems   Daily Reading Comprehension Quiz  
Dictionary   Acronyms and Abbrev.   Word Origins  

 

Macbeth Act 1, Scene 4



Forres: the palace

Flourish (trumpet fanfare). Enter KING DUNCAN, LENNOX,MALCOLM, DONALBAIN, and attendants

Flourish. Enter KING DUNCAN, LENNOX,MALCOLM, DONALBAIN, and attendants

DUNCAN

Is execution done on Cawdor (has Cawdor been executed)? Are not

Those in commission (responsible) yet returned?

 

DUNCAN

Is execution done on Cawdor? Are not

Those in commission yet returned?

 

MALCOLM

     My liege (sovereign),

They are not yet come back. But I have spoke

With one that saw him die, who did report

That very frankly he confessed his treasons,

Implored your highness' pardon, and set forth

A deep repentance. Nothing in his life

Became him like the leaving it. He died

As one that had been studied in his death

(a student in his death of throwing . . .)

To throw away the dearest thing he owed

owed=owned

As ítwere a careless trifle.

 

MALCOLM

     My liege,

They are not yet come back. But I have spoke

With one that saw him die, who did report

That very frankly he confessed his treasons,

Implored your highness' pardon, and set forth

A deep repentance. Nothing in his life

Became him like the leaving it. He died

As one that had been studied in his death

To throw away the dearest thing he owed

As ítwere a careless trifle.

 

DUNCAN

     Thereís no art

(the art does not exist of finding Ö.)

To find the mindís construction in the face.

(you canít read a personís mind by looking at his/her face)

He was a gentleman on whom I built

An absolute trust.

 

DUNCAN

     Thereís no art

To find the mindís construction in the face.

He was a gentleman on whom I built

An absolute trust.

 

Enter MACBETH, BANQUO, ROSS, and ANGUS

Enter MACBETH, BANQUO, ROSS, and ANGUS

(to MACBETH) O worthiest cousin (kinsman),

The sin of my ingratitude even now

Was heavy on me. Thou art so far before

before=ahead of us

That swiftest wing of recompense is slow

To overtake thee. Would thou hadst less deserved

That the proportion both of thanks and payment

(if you had done less, my inadequate thanks and payment might have been in proper proportion to your deeds)

Might have been mine! Only I have left to say,

More is thy due than more than all can pay.

 

(to MACBETH) O worthiest cousin,

The sin of my ingratitude even now

Was heavy on me. Thou art so far before

That swiftest wing of recompense is slow

To overtake thee. Would thou hadst less deserved

That the proportion both of thanks and payment

Might have been mine! Only I have left to say,

More is thy due than more than all can pay.

 

MACBETH

The service and the loyalty I owe

In doing it pays itself. Your highness' part

Is to receive our duties, and our duties

Are to your throne and state children and servants,

Which do but what they should, by doing everything

Safe toward your love and honor.

safe toward your love and honor=to protect your love and honor

 

MACBETH

The service and the loyalty I owe

In doing it pays itself. Your highness' part

Is to receive our duties, and our duties

Are to your throne and state children and servants,

Which do but what they should, by doing everything

Safe toward your love and honor.

 

DUNCAN

     Welcome hither.

I have begun to plant thee and will labor

to plant thee=to give thee honors

To make thee full of growing. (to BANQUO) Noble Banquo,

That hast no less deserved, nor must be known

No less to have done so, let me enfold thee

And hold thee to my heart.

 

DUNCAN

     Welcome hither.

I have begun to plant thee and will labor

To make thee full of growing. (to BANQUO) Noble Banquo,

That hast no less deserved, nor must be known

No less to have done so, let me infold thee

And hold thee to my heart.

 

BANQUO

     There, if I grow,

The harvest is your own.

 

BANQUO

     There, if I grow,

The harvest is your own.

 

DUNCAN

     My plenteous joys,

Wanton in fullness, seek to hide themselves

In drops of sorrow. Sons, kinsmen, thanes,

drops of sorrow=tears (in this case, tears of joy)

And you whose places are the nearest, know

We will establish our estate upon

Our eldest, Malcolm, whom we name hereafter

The prince of Cumberland; which honor must

Not unaccompanied invest him only,

But signs of nobleness, like stars, shall shine

On all deservers. (to MACBETH) From hence to Inverness,

Inverness=home of Macbeth

And bind us further to you (as recipients of your hospitality).

 

DUNCAN

     My plenteous joys,

Wanton in fullness, seek to hide themselves

In drops of sorrow. Sons, kinsmen, thanes,

And you whose places are the nearest, know

We will establish our estate upon

Our eldest, Malcolm, whom we name hereafter

The prince of Cumberland; which honor must

Not unaccompanied invest him only,

But signs of nobleness, like stars, shall shine

On all deservers. (to MACBETH) From hence to Inverness,

And bind us further to you.

 

MACBETH

The rest is labor which is not used for you:

(what I do for you is not labor. If itís not for you, itís labor)

Iíll be myself the harbinger and make joyful

The hearing of my wife with your approach.

So humbly [I] take my leave.

 

MACBETH

The rest is labor which is not used for you:

Iíll be myself the harbinger and make joyful

The hearing of my wife with your approach.

So humbly take my leave.

 

DUNCAN

My worthy Cawdor!

 

DUNCAN

My worthy Cawdor!

 

MACBETH

(aside) The prince of Cumberland! That is a step

On which I must fall down, or else o'erleap,

For in my way it lies. Stars, hide your fires;

Let not light see my black and deep desires.

The eye wink at the hand, yet let that be

(may the eye not see what the hand is doing)

let that be=let murder occur

Which the eye fears, when it is done, to see.

 

MACBETH

(aside) The prince of Cumberland! That is a step

On which I must fall down, or else o'erleap,

For in my way it lies. Stars, hide your fires;

Let not light see my black and deep desires.

The eye wink at the hand, yet let that be

Which the eye fears, when it is done, to see.

 

Exit

Exit

DUNCAN

True, worthy Banquo. He is full so valiant,

And in his commendations I am fed;

It is a banquet to me.óLetís after him,

Whose care is gone before to bid us welcome:

It is a peerless kinsman.

it is=he is

 

DUNCAN

True, worthy Banquo. He is full so valiant,

And in his commendations I am fed;

It is a banquet to me.óLetís after him,

Whose care is gone before to bid us welcome:

It is a peerless kinsman.

 

Flourish. Exeunt

Flourish. Exeunt

 

Next